The Millenary Roads that Formed an Empire
The Inca Trail is a legend of which we must be part, an indescribable experience that must be felt, lived.
The Inca Empire also known as the Incan Empire, or Tawantinsuyu (Quechua Tawantin Suyu, the four regions or divisions’), is considered the largest, most extensive and powerful empire in pre-Columbian America. The civilization that lived during this empire, arose from the highlands of Peru at the beginning of the 13th century. The Spanish conquered their last fortress towards the year of 1572.
The empire was subdivided into four main regions: The Chinchaysuyo to the north, the Collasuyo to the south, the Antisuyo to the east and Contisuyo to the west. The capital of the Inca Empire was the city of Cuzco, Peru, which means Navel of the World (the Inca World).
It covered about 2 million km² between the Pacific Ocean and the Amazon rainforest. This impressive network of Inca roads had an initial length of 60,000 km, and joined territories from the southwestern tip of Colombia, passing through Ecuador, mainly for Peru, western
Bolivia, the northern half of Chile, and Argentina in the north, northwest and west. Is known that 39,000 km of this network still exist.
We know that the Incas considered the Sapa Inca, their king, as the "son of the sun". They encouraged the Sun cult of Inti -dios del sol- and other cults such as the Pachamama "La madre tierra"
The Inca Empire worked mostly without money or markets. On the contrary, it was based on the exchange of goods and services. For this reason, we see how in the territories of the Inca Trail, nowadays, they maintain the tradition of native squares and markets.
Through the tour we will be able to understand why the Spaniards of the XVI century, considered that the Incas were the best organized society in the world. This empire had a huge infrastructure but perfectly organized, as well as the media thanks to the chasquis "messengers", and the access roads that crossed the territory.
The sacred places and the roads were marked with Huacas -or Waca- which are the sacred places for the Incas; temples, sanctuaries, tombs, and others.
The network of Inca roads (Qhapaq Ñan) is considered one of the best engineering works that exist. Made entirely by hand, with complete ignorance of the wheel or iron; and despite this, they have been preserved for hundreds of years, in some cases, without maintenance.
At the arrival at the magnificent Inca city of Machu Picchu, currently visited by approximately 3,000 people daily, you will discover that not only is it one of the most energetic places on the planet, but it was also built over complex systems of canals and underground irrigation, preventing rain damages over its agricultural terraces and structures (more than 150).
We recommend visiting buildings such as the Temple of the Sun or the Temple of the Condor.
The Inca civilization, paid attention to the details of local conditions in each one of the countries where they made their roads, avoiding altering nature and natural landscape, so valuable to them. This is how we who live this experience, feels that the "Inca road has
These roads helped turn a small family breed into the largest empire in the Western Hemisphere.
Here, in the heart of the Inca Trail, in Cuzco, it was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2014.
Definitely the Inca Trail allows us to combine history and culture with its new purpose, to be one of the best walks in the world.
By: Andrea Cuello Navarro
Vivee Experiences Team Member