Jewerly of South America
South America, whose immense natural variety is complex and offers postcard landscapes in the jungle, the great Andes mountain range, the Amazon, the dream beaches of the Caribbean coast, formidable waterfalls and extensive deserts.
The Pacific and Atlantic oceans next to the coveted Caribbean Sea embrace this vibrant multicultural and diverse subcontinent; whose recent history is marked by colonialism and revolutions; but that has been the home of ancestral cultures.
The main cities of South America show the diversity existing in the subcontinent. Buenos Aires is famous for its neo-baroque architecture and tango. Bogotá, Quito and La Paz are characterized by their high location between the Andean peaks, while Lima and Sucre stands out for its preserved colonial center. On the contrary, modernity stands out in cities such as Brasilia, Caracas and Santiago de Chile.
When we think of South America, many of us relate it immediately to dance, and with good reason. It has been in its cities and fields that infinities of musical expressions and dance have been developed that have crossed borders.
The carnival is one of the most known cultural manifestations worldwide, full of music brought by the former African slaves to the South American lands, as well as their customs. In the Andean areas, diablada is a symbol of the indigenous past and present of Bolivia, Peru and Chile, a product of religious syncretism born of local traditions and Catholicism. The cumbia and vallenato, meanwhile, are iconic of the South American Caribbean (Colombia and Venezuela), while the tango is breathed in the streets of San Telmo and Caminito in Buenos Aires.
Colombia can become an incessant search for the Macondo of One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez, while the poetry of Pablo Neruda takes shape at his residence in Isla Negra. Argentina produced writers of the stature of Ernesto Sábato, Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar.
Every corner of South America is a jewel waiting to be discovered and admired by each of us who visit its territory. Within these, we have:
In Colombia, we see the contrast of each historical site of Cartagena on the struggle of slave peoples against the Spanish, and, the magic of the beaches, the sun, the warm breeze that make the country a Romantic Colombia. On the other hand, in Bogota we enjoy the hectic capital life, its business atmosphere, the eastern hills that dominate the sanctuaries of Monserrate and Guadalupe, but also the brick color of numerous buildings called colonial treasures.
Ecuador, whose capital Quito, is considered a Cultural Heritage of Humanity and also named headquarters of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR). In this country we admire nature in its most aggressive side, volcanic activity, such as that of Cotopaxi Volcano, one of the most known volcanoes and loved by Ecuadorians. In turn, on a luxury tour through the wonderful Galapagos: the enchanted islands, the marine fauna and volcanic landscapes that we see there will not be seen anywhere else in the world.
On the other hand, one of the most incredible countries in the world and also one of the most visited. We do not lie to say that Peru is very linked with Machu Picchu and the impressive Inca Trail: millenarian roads that formed an empire.
In addition, we enjoyed the beautiful Lake Tititaca, the highest lake in the world - 3,812 m altitude - which for the Aymarsas and Quechua, this was the place where life was born, the world. In fact, without Lake Titicaca life would be almost impossible at this altitude. The region is a mixture of cathedrals that have seen better times, hand-carved fields and a desolate high plateau. It may seem an austere place, but in reality it is full of life and colors, especially when there is some celebration of its pre-Columbian past. Like the floating islands of the ancient Uros. That town built with totora (a local reed) those islands to escape from the dominant civilizations that surrounded the lake.
The combination of culture, nature, impressive cities and a unique gastronomy such as the Maíz Morado: the millenarian ingredient, which make Peru the richest country in the world.
Bolivia, which contains an enormous historical and cultural wealth, which is expressed in a universally praised tourist importance for lovers of nature, anthropology, archeology and paleontology. Its capital, La Paz, has the most innovative cable car in the world, from which we will have a spectacular view of the entire city.
Likewise, the Salar de Uyuni is another of those mysterious places that you will only find in South America. It is the largest salt lake in the world (more than 12,000 km2) and located at 3,653 m altitude. When dry, the salt is an extension of pure white. The feeling is indescribable because you are surrounded by white and blue sky. There is nothing else. And when there is a little water, it reflects the sky, while the horizon disappears, it's like being in the clouds. Literally.
In Chile, the impressive Atacama Desert, of which they say that the large amounts of copper and quartz in the region give a positive energy to the inhabitants of the area. And it is something that is noticed once you are in San Pedro de Atacama. It is the heart of the extraordinary landscapes of northern Chile. A few kilometers away is the largest salt lake in Chile, fields of geysers (like the famous Tatio Geyser) and amazing rock formations; the Hand of the Desert, in the extreme west of the desert. Likewise we will see at night the majesty and tranquility of galaxies, stars and even Saturn.
And, we closed our South American Jewels in the country of tango, dulce de leche and roasts, Argentina. Starting with Salta where the iconic Train to the Clouds welcomes us; It combines routes by route and railroad, in which we enjoy the Andean landscapes and culture, at the same time to benefit the local and tourist development of the regions of the Quebrada and the Puna. This tour has as an exclusive attraction the route in ascent by train from San Antonio de los Cobres to the famous viaduct La Polvorilla at 4200 m.s.m.
In Jujuy, the Quebrada de Humahuaca emerges as an opening or small valley between the hills where the Rio Grande flows. The stream works as a natural step between the area of La Puna and the rest of the country. The area was always inhabited by native peoples whose testimonies are observed at every step. In colonial times, the ravine was the scene of the independence struggles since it was the communication route between the Río de la Plata and Upper Peru (Bolivia). Here, we see in the Serrania de Hornocal, the Hill of the 14 colors, a splendid place.
And in the great cosmopolitan capital, Buenos Aires, its center is the Plaza de Mayo, surrounded by imposing nineteenth-century buildings, including the Casa Rosada, the iconic presidential palace that has several balconies. Other important attractions include the Obelisk, Teatro Colón, a luxurious opera house of 1908, the Caminito, the Recoleta Cemetery and the much frequented market of San Telmo, make our visit a beautiful experience.
South America seduces even the most demanding of tourists.
Por: Andrea Cuello Navarro.