Of intense and brilliant blue, the Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and a sacred place for the extinct Inca civilization. According to legend, it was in this place where the world was created, when the god Viracocha came out of the lake and created the sun, the stars and the first people. Nowadays, Lake Titicaca is still an epicenter of Andean traditions and customs that we can discover in a couple of days.
At 3812 masl, Lake Titicaca is located in the south east of Peru and west of Bolivia, just a couple of hours from La Paz. Very hot day and very cold night, you can visit at any time of the year.
In addition, it has more than 42 islands inside. A high mountain lake that, in addition to ruins and villages, has a rich biodiversity, decorated with the snow-capped peaks of the Cordillera Real, at more than 6,000 meters high. Everything that surrounds this landscape creates a magical picture and its sunsets that seduce visitors.
Floating Islands of the Uros
The Uros are one of those peoples that base their existence on the development and exploitation of a single product, the totora, an aquatic rush that grows in the Titicaca. Thanks to the totora have managed to build houses, boats, instruments, and even constitutes a large part of their diet. The Uros Floating Islands are made up of more than 80 artificial islands, each inhabited by a family clan, and it is possible to see children navigating every day on a small totora raft to row to their school. However, the culture of the Uros is in decline. And it is therefore inevitable, the growth of tourism has made the monetary resources of families have increased, allowing them to leave their houseboats for building bricks in the land. Thus, more than 60% of the Uros on the Peruvian side have abandoned their ancestral habits, so many of them come to the islands and sell their crafts only to return to their settlements on the mainland.
It is the largest island on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca, and is located approximately 40 km north of the city of Puno. To reach the town of Taquile, visitors can climb a staircase of 560 steps and then enjoy an impressive view, in which it is possible to appreciate the opposite shore of the lake.
The inhabitants of the island of Taquile are of Quechua origin and are distinguished by the maintenance of their customs, traditions and clothing. Therefore, it is no surprise to walk through the Taquile Island and see most of the men knitting. In fact, he is so ingrained in his culture that to marry, they must impress women by showing that their tissues are so well made that they can drink water from them.
Located in the southern highlands of Peru with a flat relief. Puno has many prehistoric sites of circular constructions called, from its origin, chullpas. Religious buildings with a marked colonial architecture and villages with a very folkloric tradition in dances and rites
Sun `s Island
Sacred island of the Incas, where his empire began. Place to walk through the past through the Inca archaeological remains. Remains such as the Pilkokaina or Palacio del Sol, stone building, the Challapampa, labyrinthine construction located in the highest part of the island. And we even found the sacred source from where you can drink the water of "eternal youth". Many of the hills on the island contain agricultural terraces, reminiscent of the Moray terraces that were established near Cuzco. Among the ruins is a labyrinth-like construction called Chincana, which was once an Inca Palace. And as if that were not enough, the year 2000 saw an important number of ruins submerged under water, which for some would be evidence of the city lost under the Wanaku Sea.
A small Bolivian city that is located on the coast of Lake Titicaca is one of the most touristic points of the Lake. Considered a sacred area and in which scattered archaeological remains have been found throughout the territory. Located in the department of La Paz and located 155 km from the big city. It is a pilgrimage center to visit the image of the Virgin of Copacabana, the most widespread Marian devotion in Bolivia. It is famous for its religious celebrations, its cultural heritage and its traditional festivals.