Peru and its magical biodiversity
Many times we have heard that Peru is the richest country in the world. This because with its 3 regions of coast, mountain and jungle, is one of the 10 mega diverse countries of the world, it contains innumerable natural resources with hundreds of endemic species of fauna and flora; a paradise for the observation of birds and orchids or for the exploration of mythical and remote natural landscapes, some still virgin, always full of life.
A single trip is not enough to discover all the wonders that Peru offers. Here we highlight only some of those places, such as Lake Titicaca and the Colca Canyon, full of magical experiences that it is unforgivable to stop living and knowing in a journey through the country.
-Manu National Park: It covers one of the highest concentrations of life on the planet, with important records in birds (more than 800 species), mammals (200 species) and plants, including orchids and giant trees.
-Lake Titicaca: Refuge of camelids and birds, among other species, that captivates with its spectacular landscape.
-Colca Canyon: One of the deepest on the planet, with more than 3400 meters of depth at its lowest point, where you can contemplate the spectacular flight of the Andean condor.
-Llanganuco Lagoon: Of glacial origin, it extends into the valley formed by the Huandoy and Huascarán peaks in the Cordillera Blanca.
Protected natural areas
In Peru, the National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) seeks the conservation of the biological diversity of Peru (flora, fauna and landscapes). In these spaces you can develop a sustainable tourism, diversified and of minimum negative impact: an activity that additionally generates economic income for the own conservation of the place.
To date, Peru has a total of 158 protected natural areas.
These areas are in turn divided into different categories of use: parks, reserves, national sanctuaries, historic sanctuaries, reserved areas, hunting grounds, protection forests, communal reserves, landscape reserves and wildlife refuges. Among these are: Huascarán National Park, Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, Manu National Park (one of the most important areas of the planet in terms of megadiversity of biological species.), Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary, Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve, among others.
Flora and Fauna of Peru
Peru is a privileged country that hosts a great diversity of animal and plant species with which man has managed to live in harmony for thousands of years. The fauna and flora of Peru represent an abundant nature, and a paradise for observation.
Among the animals of Peru, creatures such as the condor, the serpent or the puma among others, were worshiped by the ancient settlers who immortalized them in ceramics and monuments when establishing the first civilizations, thus paying homage to their beauty and power.
The Peruvian territory also have kept hidden for a long time thousands of species that currently surprise many scientists around the world. It is mainly the native species that amaze us the most, due to the unique characteristics: their beauty, their rarities, but above all how they have adapted to the difficult climates and territories of Peru.
-Birdwatching: Peru is a privileged birdwatching country due to a series of geographical, climatic and evolutionary factors that have led it to register more than 1,830 species.
-Observation of terrestrial mammals: Peru is considered one of the 10 most megadiverse countries in the world with 84 of the 114 life zones; 8 biogeographical provinces and three large basins.
-Butterfly Observation: Peru holds the world record for butterfly species. It has around 4,000, of which 59 are endemic.
Exploring the nautical ways of Peru
The lagoons and lakes of Peru can be of glacial origin (product of snow melting in the mountains) or of tectonic origin (fruit of the sinking of the earth's crust).
Of light blue, blue, green or turquoise, they are natural attractions that bring life to the different peoples, generating energy, guaranteeing the growth of crops, being a source of life for various fish and satisfying the demand for human consumption.
Peru has more than 12 thousand lakes and lagoons, of which most are on the eastern slope of the Andes. The largest and most important lake in the country is Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. Following it in size is the Junín Lake and the Arapa Lagoon.
Valleys and Canyons of Perú
The rivers that originate in the Andes range from the western slope to the coast and from the eastern slope to the jungle, with waters that form the Peruvian valleys and flow into the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. Such is the case of the gigantic Amazon River that has its springs in Peru and its mouth in Brazil.
In some cases, the routes that make these rivers work landscapes with deep canyons formed by nature during centuries or the falls of waters surrounded by a varied vegetation.
Valley and Colca Canyon, Sacred Valley, Three canyons, Canyon and Apurímac Valley, Pato Canyon.